Located at the Eastern Horn of Africa, Kenya is characterized by tropical climate with little variations in temperature. It is grouped into seven agro-ecological zones which vary between humid to very arid. Global warming is increasing temperatures and the number of hot days. Rainfall decreases in the long rainy season, whereas the short rainy season is marked by an increase in heavy rainfall and therefore severe floods. The biggest extreme events are droughts, which have increased in frequency and duration. Agriculture is impacted through a lack of soil moisture, leading to a loss of crop output and rain fed crops, which results in famine and food insecurity. Simultaneously sea level rise is causing inundation and salinization of coastal agricultural land.
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