Egypt, nestled in northeastern Africa, is defined by its diverse geography and complex climate dynamics. Its borders touch the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Sudan to the south, and the Red Sea, Palestine, and Israel to the east, while Libya lies to the west. Spanning 995,450 square kilometers, Egypt boasts a 3,500 km coastline along the Mediterranean and Red Sea, with elevations ranging from 133 meters below sea level in the Western Desert to 2,629 meters above sea level in the Sinai Peninsula.
The country’s climate is predominantly arid, with scorching summers and mild winters, though the Mediterranean coast enjoys a more temperate climate. However, Egypt faces significant challenges from climate change, including water scarcity due to diminishing Nile River flows and rising sea levels threatening coastal areas, notably the densely populated Nile Delta. Moreover, extreme weather events like heatwaves, droughts, and sandstorms are becoming more frequent and severe.
Rapid urbanization exacerbates these challenges, amplifying energy consumption, pollution, and heat island effects in cities. Despite efforts to adapt, including water conservation and renewable energy initiatives, sustained international cooperation and holistic strategies are essential to confront Egypt’s climate change hazards effectively.

Country Year Host organisation Partners involved Activity
Egypt 2024 COC BLESS - The Coptic Orthodox Church (COC)’s Bishopric of Public, Ecumenical and Social Services (BLESS) Greenish, CEWLA Onsite Training, Community Assessment in Beni Suif Governorate
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